Olomouc and around

Olomouc is the fifth largest city in the Czech Republic. It lies right at the heart of Moravia, of which it was formerly the capital. Olomouc is one of the most beautiful towns in Central Europe. The Lonely Planet has ranked Olomouc among the top ten European destinations: “Olomouc is one of the Czech Republic's most under-rated destinations, with a great nightlife scene and a mini-Prague feel.”

For centuries Olomouc was the seat o the Moravian kingdom, and as the natural centre of Moravia it attracted leading artists, scholars and merchants. Its distinguished and diverse past has left the city with a superb collection of historical treasures, making Olomouc the second-largest monument reservation in the country after Prague.

Olomouc is the seat of medieval Palacký University, the second-oldest university in the Czech Republic, established in 1573, the Olomouc Archdiocese, the Moravian Philharmonic Orchestra, as well as several noteworthy museums, theatres and clubs.

The most famous sights include its Holy Trinity Column – a UNESCO monument, the Astronomical Clock on the front of the Olomouc Town Hall, the group of six baroque fountains and the post-modern Arion Fountain.

The cathedral and palaces on St Wenceslas Hill impress visitors with their one thousand years of history. It was at this historical site, known as the Olomouc Castle, that the last ruler of the Přemyslid dynasty died at the sword, and where a young W. A. Mozart composed his sixth symphony. Amongst the most spectacular places to see are the Archbishop's Palace & Archdiocesan Museum, the magnificent early-Baroque building of the Bishop's Residence and unique museum with a permanent exhibition of visual arts of the Olomouc Archdiocese.


See also: tourism.olomouc.eu/welcome/en

Places to visit

Palacký University historical buildings and gardens

Many of the Palacký University premises are situated in historical buildings from the 16th and 17th centuries:

  • The Rector’s Office Building  – the former residence of the clergy is now a university administrative building with the Rector’s and Vice-Rector’s offices and a splendid Ceremonial Hall.
  • Palacký University Library – a former armoury during the reign of the Empress Maria Theresia, now housing a modern library for students, academics and the general public.
  • Palacký University Arts Centre – the former Jesuit Convent. The building has been recently renovated and abounds with beautiful interior Baroque decorations. 
  • You can also take a walk in the unique historical gardens situated behind the old university buildings on the terraces atop the old town walls.
  • Fort Science is a one-of-a-kind centre for the popularisation of science and research in Central Moravia. The centre was created by the renovation of a large four-storey artillery storehouse from the middle of the nineteenth century, located inside the Crown Fortress, a remarkable compound from the times of the Empress Maria Theresa.
  • UPoint - Palacký University Shop and Information Centre is not just a University souvenir shop. In addition to postcards, UP branded fashion clothing, publications and stationery, you may stop here for a cup of a good coffee. The premises also functions as an information office – the staff will provide you with interesting facts about the university and the city.

Look inside our guide to Palacký University places of interest - and get to know the University of Olomouc from a different perspective: monuments, prospects, tastes and genius loci.

Uni t(rips) web guide


Places to visit outside of Olomouc:

  • The basilica at Svatý Kopeček
    Monumental Baroque pilgrimage church with a two-tower frontage, it is the distinctive landmark of the landscape around Olomouc.
    Location: 9 km from Olomouc
  • Bouzov Castle
    14th century castle reconstructed in Neo-Gothic style in the early 20th century. The castle has been used in a number of film productions (especially fairy tales) for its impressive architecture. The stately interiors of the castle are furnished with valuable historic furniture and old relics of the order of the Teutonic Knights. The dominant room is a pseudo-Gothic Knight Hall. The grand master's bedroom excels in splendid carved furniture and other works of art.
    Location: 35 km from Olomouc
  • Kroměříž
    Beautiful historical town called the "Athens of Haná", which used to be the summer seat of bishops and archbishops - the Kroměříž Château was their summer residence. The complex formed by the Archbishop’s Château, the Flower Garden and the Château Garden was declared a National Cultural Monument in 1995 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1998.
    Location: 67 km from Olomouc

Palacký University

Palacký University Olomouc is the second oldest university in the Czech Republic, educating scholars since the 16th century. Olomouc is also the site of the second largest protected historical monument area in the country. A second home to more than 22 thousand students from all over the world, Olomouc is a genuine university city.

Its eight faculties provide more than 1000 study programmes in Bachelor’s, Master’s, and Doctoral degrees in the following areas of studies: Theology, Education, Law, Physical Education and Sports, Arts and Humanities, Natural Sciences, Medicine, Dentistry and Health Science. Top-level disciplines include Experimental Medicine, Nanotechnology, Optics, Kinanthropology, and Experimental Physics. Internationally recognized specialities are Special Education, Physiotherapy, and Psychology.

Palacký University is a modern research university. Science and research – their support and development – are its top priorities. Research teams utilise state-of-the-art technologies, and students assist in carrying out scientific research projects. Palacký University Olomouc collaborates with a number of foreign partner institutes.

Palacký University Olomouc is truly international: more than 12% of its students come from abroad. Thanks to various exchange programmes, many students of Palacký University take the opportunity to experience studies abroad. Many foreigners decide to stay in Olomouc, or at least come back regularly. Olomouc is a friendly and welcoming small city.

More about Palacký University

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